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Skin Care

Why You Should Treat Facial Skin Differently Than Body Skin

Posted by on Oct 3, 2014 in Skin Care | 0 comments

Do you use the same products on your face that you do on the rest of your body? If so, you are probably not aware of what it is doing to your skin. Different areas of your skin should be treated differently, as each area has unique characteristics that require special attention. Most areas of our skin are made up of three layers: the epidermis (the outer-most layer), the dermis (the middle layer) and sebaceous glands (where sebum, or the production of oils, occur). The two exceptions – soles of feet and palms of hands – lack sebaceous glands and should therefore be treated differently than all other areas of our skin.  And just as our hands and feet require a special regimen, our facial skin must be cared for differently than our body skin. The products we use on these separate areas should cater specifically to the needs of each, individually. Therefore, a heavy hand cream should not be used on the body and a body butter should not be used on the face – simple fact: just like skin differs amongst people, it also differs from place to place on our own bodies. Several factors contribute to the differences in skin care needs each area requires: The Environment: What area of our skin is constantly being exposed to sunlight, air pollutants, and let’s not forget…our hands? If you answered, “Face,” you’re right! Lucky for our arms, legs, feet, stomachs and backs, they get protection most days out of the year. Our face on the other hand, does not have this luxury and is therefore, the first to succumb to these harmful environmental effects.  Other environmental factors such as smoking, excessive drinking and those that hasten fatigue and stress, can also contribute heavily to skin conditions such as premature aging and acne. Epidermal Thickness: The thicker the epidermis, the heavier and harsher a treatment it can endure. Our palms and soles are the thickest area of our skin, followed by our body and finally, our face.  Our facial epidermis is approximately 0.48 mm thinner than our body epidermis. In comparison to our body skin regimen, our facial cleansers and moisturizers require a much lighter and gentler product. Sebaceous Activity: I’m willing to bet that anyone who reads this has probably heard of (and likely detests), the “T-zone.” Why? Because it’s evil! Only kidding — but in all actuality, there’s a reason that some may call this a “problem area.” Sebaceous glands sit right beneath the dermis and produce oil through our pores. Our sebaceous glands play an important role in keeping the skin hydrated, but when overactive, an excess amount of sebum may clog pores and contribute to the growth of unwanted bacteria living on the skin. A common result is acne. Our face, especially our T-zone, is crowded with sebaceous glands, making it extremely susceptible to excessive oil production. Therefore, it is important that the products we use on our face are light and will not clog...

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Healthy Skin Care in 4 Easy Steps

Posted by on Aug 8, 2014 in Skin Care | 0 comments

There are four basic steps that must be taken for healthy skin care: cleansing, toning, moisturizing and protecting. It is important to address each step so that your skin is cared for properly and so that it looks and feels as healthy as possible. There are other specialty steps that you can take if you have specific concerns like crow’s feet or age spots, but those will be discussed in another article. Healthy Skin Care Steps: The first step is cleansing your skin. This is an important foundation step because if your skin is not clean, your pores can become clogged, which can lead to pimples.  Choose a gentle cleanser made for your skin type that won’t strip your skin and leave it dry. You can use cream based cleansers, liquid soaps, handmade bar soap (which is much more gentle than store-bought ‘detergent bars’. You can even use oil to clean your face. Yes, oil! As strange as that might sound, many people use oils like rice bran or olive oil to clean their face. Cleaning helps to dissolve makeup, remove dirt, oil and grime that can build up on your face throughout the day. Be sure to clean your face at night before bed, so you don’t have all that dirt sitting on your skin and clogging pores during the night.  Some people, especially those with oily skin may opt to also clean their face in the morning. To clean your face, gently massage the skin in small, circular and upward motions. Cleanse both your face and your neck. Do not rub too hard, and do not tug on your skin. Rinse with warm, not hot water, and gently pat your skin dry. Remember that the skin on your face is much thinner than the skin on the rest of your body, so be sure to treat it gently. The second step is toning. Toner helps to balance the pH of your skin and remove any last traces of makeup and dirt.  Put a little toner onto a cotton ball and gently swipe across your face, avoiding the eyes. The next step is moisturizing. A moisturizer helps to soften and soothe your skin and replace natural oils that are removed from the cleansing step. They also help to lock moisture into your skin. To apply moisturizer, take a small amount and gently massage into skin using gentle, upward strokes. Never pull down on your skin, and don’t forget to also moisturize your neck. We’ve all seen ladies with firm facial skin but the dreaded ‘turkey neck’ – saggy, wrinkly skin from the chin down. Using a moisturizer regularly can help prevent this from happening. Finally, the last step is protecting your skin. Not following this step can leave your face unprotected against the elements like sun and wind.  Excessive sun exposure can damage your skin and cause your skin to age prematurely, leading to a dry, wrinkly and leathery look. Sometimes moisturizers will include SPF (Sun Protection Factor)...

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Skin Care Basics – How to Properly Care for Your Skin

Posted by on May 30, 2014 in Skin Care | 0 comments

The three basic steps in your skin care routine are cleansing, toning and moisturizing. Depending on other skin concerns like blemishes or crow’s feet you may have a few additional steps to take but these are the three skin care basics you should follow twice per day. But how do you follow each step? Our facial skin is thinner and more sensitive than the skin on the rest of our body, so you must take care not to tug or pull too hard in order to avoid damaging our facial skin.   3 Skin Care Basics   Cleansing When cleansing, use a gentle, natural cleanser that easily cleans away dirt and grime without stripping the skin of natural oils. Apply a small amount of cleanser to your face and neck with light, circular strokes. Gently massage into the skin in an upward motion. Don’t pull down or tug on the skin. Rinse with warm, not hot water and pat your skin dry. Toning Next, apply toner to a cotton ball and gently swipe across your face to remove any makeup or dirt that the cleanser missed. Again, go in gentle, upward strokes, avoiding the eyes. Moisturizing Finally, select a moisturizer that is right for your skin: oil free for oily or combination skin, or a heavier, hydrating cream for dry skin. Take a small amount and, just like with the other steps, massage into your face and neck using gentle, upward strokes. If you apply a targeted treatment such as eye serum or blemish cream, gently dab it on with your third (ring) finger, as that is the weakest finger on your hand. Using that finger will ensure that you’re applying products with as little pressure as possible, especially around the delicate eye area. Just remember to sweep up and out when applying anything to your face – don’t help gravity by pulling down on your skin. Following the three skin care basics by treating your skin gently while you clean, tone and moisturize will help to ensure that you won’t be doing any damage to your face during your skin care...

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How to Determine Your Skin Type

Posted by on Apr 23, 2014 in Skin Care | 0 comments

Beauty and skin care products are often marketed by the types of skin that they’re best used for – oily skin, dry skin, etc. But how do you know what type of skin you have? It’s important to know the kind of skin you have so that you can buy products that are formulated especially to work on your specific skin concerns.  Below is a list of questions that you can ask yourself to determine which type of skin you have. Dry Skin Are my pores almost invisible? Is my complexion dull? Does my skin feel rough? Does my skin feel tight and dry? Has my skin lost its elasticity? Do wrinkles and fine lines seem to stand out on my face? If you answer yes to most or all of these questions, you likely have dry skin. Normal Skin Does my skin appear smooth? Does my skin have a radiant glow? Is my skin a balance between not too oily and not to dry? Are my pores hardly visible? If your answers are yes, then you’ve likely got normal skin. Oily Skin Do my pores look big? Does my skin look oily/shiny? Do I have blackheads and/or pimples? These are the most common indicators of oily skin. Combination Skin Does my skin appear different in different parts of my face (such as oily across the forehead, nose and chin and normal or dry on the cheeks)? Does my skin look shiny? Do my pores look enlarged? These are signs of combination skin. Note that you may need to use different products and/or treatments on different areas of your face if you have combination skin. Sensitive Skin Does my skin look red or inflamed? Does my skin react to certain ingredients in products? Does my skin itch or burn? Do I have patches of dryness on my face? If you answer yes to most or all of these questions, you likely have sensitive skin.  You may be reacting to an ingredient in your facial care or makeup products.   Try to determine which ingredient(s) are causing you to react and avoid using products that contain that ingredient. Now that you have an idea of the type of skin you have, you can look for products made just for your skin type, to help it look and feel as radiant as...

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What You Should Know About the Different Types of Skin

Posted by on Apr 22, 2014 in Anti Aging, Dry Skin Care, Mature Skin Care, Normal Skin Care, Oily Skin Care, Problematic Skin Care, Sensitive Skin Care, Skin Care | 0 comments

Knowing what skin type you have is critical to caring for it properly and to keep your skin looking its best.  In this article you will learn about the different skin types so you can easily determine which type of skin you have.  As skin changes over time and as a result of many factors, including age, stress, diet and environment, you may want to refer back to this article again and again to see if your skin type has changed. First up is normal skin.  This skin type is actually pretty rare, especially after puberty.  Young children have ‘normal’ skin, which is easy to recognize by the natural glow and color, softness and plumpness.  This type of skin does not have acne, wrinkles or enlarged pores.  It has good circulation and is even colored and smooth.  Many people long for ‘normal’ skin and use their skin care routines to help their skin take on the appearance of healthy, normal skin. Next is dry skin.  Dry skin is caused by a lack of production of sebum, or oil, which is the skins’ natural moisturizer.  The lack of sebum decreases the skin’s ability to retain moisture, so oftentimes dry skin is also dehydrated.  Dry skin can be caused by menopause or other hormonal changes.  Dry skin can develop unsightly flaky or ashy patches that can peel. This type of skin needs a lot of moisturizers and protection, as it is easily affected by environmental factors such as sun and wind. Dry skin often looks delicate, with fine, small pores. Oily skin can be easy to recognize, as it can have a shiny appearance and enlarged pores.  Oily skin is caused by excessive sebum production.  It can be accompanied by acne, blackheads and blemishes, but this is not always the case.  It is possible to have oily skin without blemishes. Oily skin can be brought on by over-cleaning, such as scrubbing with harsh cleansers or soaps and using astringents that contain alcohol.  This can trigger the sebaceous glands to produce more sebum, making skin even more oily than before. Combination skin is the most common skin type. This is found in people of all ages and is characterized by a patchwork of normal, oily and dry skin.  The T-zone, which is across the forehead and down the nose and chin, creating a ‘T’ is oily, and often has blackheads.  The cheeks can be normal to dry. Acne prone skin breaks out often as a result of overactive sweat and oil glands.  Teenagers and young adults are most prone to acne, but people of all ages can battle with acne prone skin.  As with oily skin, over-cleaning with harsh cleansers can trigger the skin to produce even more oil, so this should be avoided.  A consistent, gentle skin care routine is best for this type of skin. Next up is sensitive skin. This skin type is easily irritated and often red, itchy and uncomfortable.  It is prone to allergic reactions to alcohol...

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